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Martial law refers to the temporary control and governance of a state or territory by military forces. Martial law is most commonly enforced when intense civil disturbance or warfare disrupts the region’s civil authorities’ capability to enforce laws. Martial law refers to provisional domestic military rule, whereas military occupation of a foreign territory is called military government. Martial law is imposed with the intent to preserve national security during tumultuous times of cultural, social, and political dissension, and military may assume control of judicial, economic, and administrative functions. The use of martial law is limited by international laws, which require reconciliation between a state and defense in domestic affairs. Martial law must be exercised with restraint and not as a means by which human rights ...

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