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Libya is a country situated in North Africa, with a population of about 6,411,776; about 1 million reside in the capital city of Tripoli. Egypt is Libya’s closest neighbor to the east, while Sudan is Libya’s neighbor to the southeast. Libya is bordered to the north by the Mediterranean Sea and to the south by Chad and Niger, while Algeria and Tunisia are situated at the western part of Libya. Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa and occupies an area of about 700,000 square miles.

Libya gained its independence in 1951, and it adopted the name United Libyan Kingdom. In 1963, the name of the country was changed to the Kingdom of Libya. In 1969, following a successful coup d’etat led by Colonel ...

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