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Espionage is a complicated aspect of security. It both assists in providing security and is an active threat to security at the same time. Those engaging in espionage do so to increase the security and safety of their government and its interests by acquiring secrets and information regarding the actions of enemies, allies, and citizens; but at the same time, their acts of espionage are a threat to the security of anyone from whom the secrets and information have been acquired. In ancient Egypt, espionage was rampant at all levels, both by official government decree against domestic and international targets and by those targets in attempts to protect themselves and their interests. Much of what developed into modern espionage has its roots in the protocols ...

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