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Biculturalism consists of two components: (1) a person’s sense of belonging to two distinct cultures and (2) the person’s ability to competently interact and engage with people in both cultural groups. Bicultural people must understand and accept the gender rules of both groups, which is often a psychologically stressful process to navigate. This entry discusses how gender informs biculturalism for people of color, immigrants, and other minority groups in the United States.

Biculturalism as Competence

Many theorists have referred to biculturalism in terms of being biculturally competent. Biculturally competent people have the knowledge and psychological skills to thrive in their native group (often a minority group) as well as in the additional culture (often a majority group). Bicultural competence requires that a person have knowledge of the ...

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