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Women have historically been mistreated as a result of the social conception of gender. Women have unique concerns that need to be understood when addressing gender inequality and mental health needs. This entry briefly examines the history of gender-based oppression, sexism, the influence of media on sexism, women in the workplace, violence against women, mental health and gender, and clinical implications.

History

To understand current women’s issues, it is essential to know the historical context from which they came. Modern psychology is often thought of as starting with Sigmund Freud, who had a significant influence on how gender was perceived and the issues that arose because of these views. He added to the preexisting Anglo-American belief that gender differences were ingrained, natural, and deterministic. Usually, male and ...

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