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In the context of research, validity is a construct that provides an empirical basis for making interpretations about test scores. Society assigns physical and psychological roles based on gender, which often become fused into a person’s identity. As such, identical raw scores on a test can have different meanings depending on one’s gender identity. Tests with unacknowledged gender bias can lead to discriminating scores for a particular group and distort test score use and interpretation. Test takers and users can control for gender bias through validity testing, measuring gender invariance, and using gender fair testing practices.

Validity Testing

Validity testing involves taking all collected evidence from a test to confirm that the interpretation of test scores is appropriate for the test taker. It begins with a clear ...

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