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Sex education in the United States has a long history of development and controversy surrounding the initiation, process, and effectiveness of various programs. Presently, behavioral health specialists are exploring inclusive sex education programs, services, and resources for children and adolescents based on race, gender, age, and sexual orientation.

This entry examines literature on gender specific sex education and gender differences in sex education programs for children and adolescents. This entry both serves as a practical guide and highlights the most common sex education programs, discusses program efficacy, and explores some of the clinical implications of sex education programs.

Formal Sex Education Programs

School-based sex education programs are common in the U.S. public school system. While not present in every school, these school-based programs focus primarily on abstinence. However, ...

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