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To understand safe sex, it is imperative to understand the risk factors involved. Individuals who use condoms the first time they have sex may be more likely to have consistent condom use in future sexual encounters. Alcohol and substance use increases the likelihood of not using condoms, as well as the likelihood of being tempted to engage in risky behaviors, such as having unprotected sex. Condom use is related to a decrease in risks, including sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and/or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and is also a popular method of preventing pregnancy. Among individuals living with HIV, safe sex practices (e.g., condom use) decrease the transmission of STIs/HIV in addition to the risk for reinfection. Safe sex is often defined in the context of ...

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