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The concept of media framing refers to the way in which the news media organize and provide meaning to a news story by emphasizing some parts of reality and disregarding other parts. These patterns of emphasis and exclusion in news coverage create frames that can have considerable effects on news consumers’ perceptions and attitudes regarding the given issue or event. This entry briefly elaborates on the concept of media framing, presents key types of media frames, and introduces the research on media framing effects.

Media Frames as Frames of Emphasis

Media framing has been investigated in several different fields of study, including sociology, communication, media studies, psychology, and political science. While some studies have investigated the antecedents of media framing (frame building), the majority of studies focus ...

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