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Districting is the process of establishing the areas that are represented in a legislative body or some other multimember assembly. Although some multimember elections are conducted on an at-large basis, where every eligible voter participates in a single contest, such as members of several national parliaments elected by proportional representation (e.g., the Israeli Knesset and the Dutch House of Representatives), in most legislative bodies, such as the U.S. House of Representatives and the British House of Commons, it is seen as desirable for those elected to represent people living in a particular geographic area. Dividing a country or state into districts ensures that the representatives chosen can claim to speak for the voters of the area who elected them, and can ensure that the ...

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