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The president is a key political actor in many contemporary states. There are various president models in the world that can be classified by different criteria, such as the president’s role in the state and the number of persons that occupy the presidency. One core criterion is the strength of presidential power. Using this criterion, presidents can be divided into two groups: weak and strong. Between these two categories are presidents with moderate power.

Strong President as a Characteristic of Presidentialism and Semi-Presidentialism

Researchers often link strong presidents with presidential systems. They insist that the main principle of presidentialism is the higher power of the president compared to parliamentarism, where the president is merely a figurehead. However, this is true only at first glance. First, some ...

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