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Health-Related Disorders

Acute and chronic health-related disorders in childhood are numerous and are very often associated with other problems of development and adjustment. Type 1 diabetes, cystic fibrosis, asthma, and food allergies are just some of the many common acute and chronic health conditions of childhood (for a partial list, see Table 1). Many of these diseases and conditions come with chronic pain or fatigue, other developmental delays, or co-occurring medical conditions, and impact a child’s and family’s day-to-day functioning as well as long-term adjustment.

Table 1 A Partial List of Pediatric Health-Related Disorders

type 1 diabetes

cystic fibrosis

asthma

food allergies

epilepsy and seizure disorders

craniofacial abnormalities

spina bifida

sickle cell anemia

pediatric multiple sclerosis and other demyelinating diseases

gastrointestinal disorders

mitochondrial disorders

genetic and sex-linked chromosomal syndromes

chronic/recurrent pain

cerebral palsy

tic disorders/Tourette’s

deafness/hearing impairments

blindness

HIV/AIDS

muscular dystrophy

cardiovascular and heart disease

concussion

burns

enuresis/encopresis

sleep disorders

feeding disorders

migraines/headaches

cancer

pain

eating disorders

obesity

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