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Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by deficits related to social communication skills and restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior. ASD is typically diagnosed in early childhood, but the disorder persists across the lifespan. Presentation of this disorder can vary widely across individuals, as indicated by the use of the word spectrum.

Language and intellectual functioning are aspects of functioning commonly described for those with ASD. Individuals with ASD can be nonverbal or demonstrate very strong language abilities. Similarly, individuals with ASD may have impaired cognitive abilities or a co-occurring intellectual disability, or they may demonstrate very high intelligence. This entry focuses primarily on describing experiences for adults with ASD who have fluent language and who do not have a co-occurring diagnosis ...

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