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Sturge–Weber Syndrome

Sturge–Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare congenital and developmental disorder. It is characterized by (a) capillary malformations affecting the skin around the forehead or scalp, ipsilateral central nervous system, and choroid, with clinical features of port-wine stain (PWS); (b) seizures; and (c) glaucoma occurring at different times from birth to childhood. Clinical features to suspect SWS include a typical cutaneous lesion port-wine stain, seizures, and the enlargement of the eyeball. PWS is present at birth, but neurological problems and eye problems develop later. The incidence of SWS is estimated to be 1 person per 50,000. It is sporadic in nature and affects all races. Both males and females are equally affected. No regional differences in incidence have been identified.

SWS belongs to a group of disorders ...

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