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Parent–Child Interaction Therapy

Intellectual and developmental disabilities (ID/DD) begin during the developmental period (younger than 18 years) and involve functional impairments in conceptual (e.g., language, math), social (e.g., communication, empathy), and practical (e.g., personal care) areas. Examples of common ID/DD include intellectual developmental disorder, autism spectrum disorder, and cerebral palsy. Externalizing behavior problems (e.g., disruptive, aggressive, and hyperactive behaviors) are also common in children with ID/DD and are associated with poor outcomes. This entry provides an overview of the prevalence and impact of externalizing behavior problems in children with ID/DD and reviews parent-training programs for treating behavior problems in children with ID/DD with an emphasis on parent–child interaction therapy (PCIT). This entry presents research findings supporting the use of PCIT for children with ID/DD, including findings demonstrating the ...

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