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Bakeries are defined in the 21st century as business establishments primarily engaged in the production of fresh or frozen bread and flour-based products, including cakes and pastries, typically on a large-volume scale. Historically, bakeries are defined as the site of mixing and baking bread on a scale that meets the demand of a local community. Bakeries can also include the site of direct bread sales to household consumers.

The making and baking of bread has been a common human activity that can be traced back more than six millennia, extending beyond the prehistoric Egyptians to the early agricultural societies of the Fertile Crescent around 4000 BCE. Despite the prehistoric evidence of humans baking bread, bakeries—defined as the location of a skill-based trade or professional baking business—did ...

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