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Artificial Sweeteners

Artificial sweetener is the term used to describe a number of chemical products that are used to sweeten foods and beverages in place of caloric sweeteners such as corn syrup or sucrose. In the United States, there have been four common artificial sweeteners of which three are currently on the market: (1) saccharin, (2) cyclamates, (3) aspartame, and (4) sucralose. The last two are more commonly known by their brand names NutraSweet and Splenda. Statistics from 2007 revealed that 45% of American households regularly purchase artificially sweetened products. These numbers have grown since artificial sweetener became an ingredient in manufactured food and beverage products, often sold as a “diet” or “low-calorie” option, first in the 1950s. Between 1991 and 2007 alone, the total number ...

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