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Attention Deficit Disorder

Attention deficit disorder (ADD), termed attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder predominantly inactive by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV), represents one of the two types of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). ADD has much in common with the other subtypes of ADHD, although it differs in having fewer, if any, symptoms of impulsiveness or hyperactivity. Instead, ADD is characterized chiefly by inattentive concentration and a deficit of sustained attention, which often manifests itself as forgetfulness, hesitation, or procrastination in patients. Untreated ADD can greatly reduce the productivity of students or workers. Studies examining the costs of illness related to ADD indicate that it averages about $15,000 per student per year for those aged 18 and under. These costs will increase as patients ...

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