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The study of nonverbal communication involves examining all the parts of a message that do not include language. Different scholars have organized the study of nonverbal communication in different ways, but often, it is organized around seven different areas: (1) the kinesic code, which examines features of the eyes and face, as well as the movement of the body such as gestures, posture, and gait; (2) the proxemic code, which includes the personal area of space around the body as well as the use of space in the structural environment; (3) the haptic code, which studies the use of touch; (4) the vocalic code, which studies the use of paralanguage around the voice in the pitch, rate, and other qualities of the voice; (5) ...

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