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The Chicago Manual of Style contains a set of guidelines developed by the University of Chicago covering document preparation and publication, issues of editorial style such as grammar, and documentation and citation practices. There are two systems of Chicago style documentation and citation: (1) the Notes-Bibliography system, which is often used in the humanities (literature, philosophy, religion, etc.), and (2) the Author-Date system, which is often used in the social sciences (economics, political science, sociology, etc.). Chicago style that has been modified for students is known as Turabian style.

Communication research most often relies on American Psychological Association (APA) style to format documents and cite sources; however, it is important that scholars become well versed in a variety of documentation and citation styles in the event ...

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