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Axial coding is a qualitative research technique that involves relating data together in order to reveal codes, categories, and subcategories ground within participants’ voices within one’s collected data. In other words, axial coding is one way to construct linkages between data. Axial coding has a historical relationship with grounded theory, which is a qualitative methodological framework that involves constantly comparing emergent themes within one’s data set in order to make theoretical claims regarding one’s communicative conduct. Coding, or the process of inductively locating linkages between data, may occur in myriad ways such as behaviors, events, activities, strategies, states, meanings, participation, relationships, conditions, consequences, and settings, to name a few.

This entry first discusses axial coding as a method for analysis and further defines essential concepts. ...

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