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Rigor can be defined as the degree to which research methods are scrupulously and meticulously carried out in order to recognize important influences occurring in the process of conducting the research. It is a set of standards investigators use to evaluate the quality, trustworthiness, and value of research.

Rigor in Different Research Stages

Investigators need to make various methodical commitments through the whole research process, from methodology selections to data collections, data analysis, and data interpretations and presentations. At each research stage, a structured and controlled manner of planning, conducting, and analyzing the study has to be followed to make sure that the study is rigorous.

First, investigators need to decide research questions or hypotheses. After the research questions or hypotheses have been decided, investigators start to consider ...

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