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A raw score is a datum point or value that has not been altered in any way. Raw scores are original measurements from surveys, tests, or other instruments that have not been weighted, transformed, or converted into any other form. Raw scores are also called observed scores. Raw or observed scores are close representations of true scores that account for the error inherent in the measurement of variables. Grades provide an example of the importance of understanding raw scores. Imagine a student scored 32 points on a test. The raw score of 32 does not indicate what grade was earned unless the student knows there were 50 points possible on the test. The raw score also does not tell the student how he or she ...

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