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Phenomenology is an approach in philosophy that emerged around the end of the 19th century. It aims to study and describe reality as it appears in concrete experiences. That description proceeds as much as possible independent of theories that provide causal explanations and free of assumptions that have not been questioned and investigated. The word phenomenology appeared prior to the late 19th century. Indeed, the concept only gains widespread attention with the publication of Franz Brentano’s writings. Brentano presented a systematic psychology that was designed to form the basis of a “science of the soul” and shifted the focus from the content to the activities of the mind. His approach greatly influenced Edmund Husserl’s (1859–1938) philosophy, which in its turn can be considered the most ...

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