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Time, in the African worldview, is the permanent present. It does not begin here or end there. It is always here as the Ageless Dome of Existence. The Shona people call it chidziva chepo, which means “permanent pool.” Dziva means pool; chepo means permanent. The Shona also call it chirambakusakara, which means The One That Never Dies. Ramba means refuse; kusakara means to die. The prefix chi in chirambakusakaraand chidziva chepo refers to attributes of time as The One That Never Dies. These Shona views of time are shared by Africans in Africa, North America, and the African diaspora who retain the worldview of their African ancestors. These concepts are explained more fully in the sections that follow.

Time and the Ancestors
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