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Pan-African nationalism is a movement whose popular appeal became apparent with the growth of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) and African Communities League (ACL) during first half of the 20th century. It arose during a time when the African continent had been almost completely colonized, and its people were searching for a way to attain independence and to achieve peace, solidarity, and power.

The movement grew by leaps and bounds during the second half of the 20th century when its key leaders met in Manchester, England, at the 1945 Pan-African Congress and launched the African Liberation Movement. Key organizers of that historic gathering were W. E. B. Du Bois (1868–1963), Kwame Nkrumah (1909–1972), and George Padmore (1903–1959), among others. Ghana’s Convention People’s Party ...

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