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The word Negritude derives from the French word nègre, “blackness.” Negritude was a literary and ideological movement developed by francophone African and African Caribbean intellectuals, writers, and politicians who believed that the shared Black heritage of members of the African diaspora was the best tool in fighting against European colonialism and cultural hegemony. The Negritude movement was inspired by and contemporaneous with similar assertions of blackness occurring elsewhere in the African diaspora, particularly other parts of the Caribbean and the United States.

This entry describes the historical context of the Negritude movement, as well as the basis of for philosophy and some of its major principles.

Historical Context

Negritude was a literary, cultural movement that emerged in Paris in the 1930s. Its ...

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