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This entry discusses the beginnings, influential proponents, global reach, and eventual challenges of Negritude. Considered by many as a movement by Black peoples across the globe to recognize and praise their historical, cultural, and social heritage, Negritude is a literary and ideological movement, originally championed by three Black students living in Paris in the 1930s. As a concept, Negritude drew from the philosophy, vision, and creativeness of many influences, including inspiration from Harlem Renaissance scholars such as Claude McKay, Langston Hughes, Alain Locke, and James Weldon Johnson. Negritude also attracted scholars and writers from Africa (including Madagascar), Latin America, and the Caribbean.

Beginnings

Leopold Sédar Senghor from Senegal, Aimé Césaire from Martinique, and Léon-Gontran Damas from Guiana are regarded as the “three ...

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