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Metallurgy involves the exercise of scientific knowledge and technical expertise in the extraction, processing, and shaping of metals. Various forms of metallurgy, particularly ironworking, have impacted the history and development of African societies. Among the captives brought from Africa to North America were technicians in iron and other metals, and they injected their skills and knowledge into European American metal-working processes. This entry reviews the social and spiritual significance of metal work and metal objects among Africans in Africa and North America.

Development of African Metallurgy

The origins of iron technology in Africa continue to be debated. A long-accepted belief was that it was introduced to Africa from outside the continent, namely by Phoenician colonists via North Africa around the eighth century ...

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