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Melungeons and Other Mustee (Mixed-Race) Communities

The terms Melungeon, Mustee, and Creole have been applied to any of more than 200 groups in the United States, ranging from New York and Pennsylvania south to Louisiana and the Carolinas. Recent genetic testing has identified the earliest group of Melungeons as the descendants of marriages and other liaisons between African men and European women living in early to mid-17th century Virginia, Carolina, Maryland, and Delaware. The descendants of such communities gradually spread through marginalized and isolated areas throughout the South and the eastern coast, obscuring their African ancestry behind European and indigenous elements in order to retain their liberty and legal rights.

Mélange or Malungu? Origins of the Melungeons

Although the origins of the term remain undetermined, the concept is believed ...

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