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Matriarchy is a traditional African family structure. There is evidence that it existed in ancient Nile Valley civilizations. The matriarchal/matrilineal kinship family was also found in West and Central Africa and, among other sites, in North America among the Iroquois Indians. Women bought and inherited land, attended markets, and inherited political power. In matricentric or matriarchal units, the female is responsible for the economic well-being of the family, as well as the development and discipline of the children. Women’s kinship bonds, which included the grandmothers and aunts, created what some have referred to as “women’s solidarity.”

Description of Matriarchy

The matriarchal or maternal family is female-centered and female-headed. The matriarchal family is traditionally described as people living together in large kinship groups, ...

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