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International Conferences of Negro Writers and Artists, 1956 and 1959

The mid-1950s produced two landmark conferences that assembled the leading thinkers of the African world. During an 18-month period, a cadre of “Negro men of culture” organized the First World Congress of Negro Writers and Artists, also referred to as the First International Conference of Negro Writers and Artists. The congress convened September 19, 1956, in Paris and adjourned September 22, 1956. On March 26, 1959, the Second Congress of Negro Writers and Artists was convened in Rome. It adjourned April 1, 1959. This entry focuses on these historic congresses, their participants, and some of the important ideas they expressed.

The 1956 Conference

The First World Congress of Negro Writers and Artists took place during a period that was filled with anticipation and ...

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