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Established in 1921 in New York City, the African Orthodox Church is an independent order of Orthodoxy, employing a combination of Eastern Orthodox and Western theology and polity. At the start, the church membership was made up of former Anglicans and Episcopalians from the West Indies who had grown dissatisfied with the ethics and practices of White-dominated denominational order. Under the leadership of Archbishop George Alexander McGuire (1866–1934), a number of Black clerics banded together to begin a modernday exodus out of the shadow of White Christian oppression, to pursue a church government of and by Black people.

McGuire was born in Antigua and immigrated to the United States in 1894 to pursue a ministry with the African Methodist Episcopal Church. By January ...

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