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Cardiovascular Abnormalities, Mental Health Conditions Related to

Cardiovascular abnormalities are highly comorbid with a number of mental health conditions such as depression and bipolar, anxiety, trauma- and stressor-related, schizophrenia spectrum, eating, neurocognitive, and sleep-wake disorders. Cardiovascular abnormalities are issues related to the heart’s structure (e.g., muscles, valves, chambers, blood vessels, or membranes) and/or function (e.g., rhythm or blood circulation) that can lead to chronic and often life-threatening complications referred to as cardiovascular disease (CVD). Specifically, CVD reflects the presence of one or more of the following conditions: cardiomyopathy (i.e., thickened or enlarged heart muscles), valvular heart disease (i.e., widened or narrowed heart valves), atherosclerosis (i.e., hardened arteries due to plaque buildup), cardiac arrhythmia (i.e., irregular, fast, or slow heart rhythms), cardiac ischemia (i.e., decreased blood flow to the heart), peripheral artery disease ...

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