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Bipolar Disorders: Diagnosis

Bipolar disorders comprise a category of mood disorders characterized by distinct changes in affect, cognitions, and behavior. All subtypes of bipolar disorder encompass periods of euphoric, expansive, or irritable mood, which are typically accompanied by episodes of depression. Bipolar disorder is subsequently considered a debilitating form of mental health disorder, as mood swings can lead to severe functional impairment and distress for individuals. Furthermore, bipolar disorder is one of the most common mental health disorders associated with suicide. An estimated 4% of adults are affected by bipolar disorders, which typically manifests during late adolescence and early adulthood.

Bipolar disorders occur along a spectrum of severity, ranging from milder specified and unspecified bipolar disorders to cyclothymia to bipolar II and full-blown bipolar I disorder at the most ...

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