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Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Social Factors

Individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are characterized by frequent and developmentally inappropriate problems with inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity. The American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), specifies three presentations of ADHD: (1) the predominantly inattentive presentation, (2) the predominantly hyperactive-impulsive presentation, and (3) the combined presentation. Individuals with the predominantly inattentive presentation primarily display symptoms of inattention (e.g., difficulty sustaining attention, failure to listen, forgetfulness) whereas individuals with the hyperactive-impulsive presentation primarily display symptoms of hyperactivity (e.g., acting as if driven by a motor, talking excessively, etc.) and impulsivity (e.g., difficulty taking turns, interrupting, etc.). Individuals with the combined presentation display symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity. ADHD onsets during childhood and is considered a chronic condition. Approximately 35% to ...

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