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The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (hereafter Vineland) is an individually administered, standardized, norm-referenced measure of adaptive abilities and functioning. Adaptive behavior generally refers to the ability to perform the activities and functions required to be personally and socially sufficient, meet social expectations and standards, maintain oneself independently, and meet culturally defined expectations. The Vineland is commonly used across a wide variety of professional contexts, including clinical and educational settings and research applications. Individuals with mental health disorders and psychological difficulties often demonstrate impairment in adaptive behavior, including those abilities and behaviors measured by the Vineland.

This entry describes the Vineland’s main features, usage of the test, and how the test is administered and scored. It describes some potential professional uses and identifies several areas of research ...

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