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Psychologist Albert Ellis (1913–2007) created rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) as a method of addressing his own physical and emotional problems during his youth. People who participate in a course of REBT learn to identify, challenge, and replace their self-defeating thoughts and beliefs with healthier, more rational thoughts that, in turn, promote emotional well-being. Today, REBT is regarded as an influential therapeutic approach and has amassed a great deal of data that support its efficacy in treating a host of mental health problems, such as anxiety, hostility, anger, and depression; it is applied individually, with couples, or in groups.

Therapists who practice REBT stress thinking, judging, deciding, analyzing, and doing. The basic tenet of REBT is that reality is not what it is but what we ...

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