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Oppositional Defiant Disorder

Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is characterized by a recurrent pattern of angry and irritable mood, argumentative and defiant behavior toward authority figures, and vindictiveness that persists for at least 6 months. To meet the diagnostic criteria for ODD according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), four of the following eight symptoms must be present: (1) often loses temper, (2) is often touchy or easily annoyed, (3) is often angry and resentful, (4) often argues with authority figures, (5) often actively defies or refuses to comply with requests from authority figures or with rules, (6) often deliberately annoys others, (7) often blames others for his or her mistakes or misbehavior, and (8) has been spiteful or vindictive. This entry provides ...

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