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Neuronal transmission is the sending of a signal from one nerve cell (neuron) to another. Many mental health disorders are attributed to abnormalities of neuronal transmission, or at least are ameliorated by adjusting neuronal transmission through the use of psychotropic medications. The types of neuronal transmission are presented herein, followed by details of their mechanisms.

Types

The main function of the nervous system is to transfer information—mainly sensory information from the external environment and the body to the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), motoric and hormonal information from the central nervous system to the muscles and glands, and cognitive information (e.g., perception, memory, planning) from one part of the brain to another. The basic unit of information transfer is from one neuron to another such ...

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