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Insomnia Disorder

Insomnia is characterized by a complaint of difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep, or early-morning awakening with inability to return to sleep. Insomnia is also a risk factor for psychopathology, including depression, anxiety disorders, substance use and abuse, and suicidal ideation. Thus, insomnia poses a significant public health burden and strains the resources of physicians, psychologists, and employers. Although several empirically validated psychological treatments are available, they are often underutilized, because of either misinformation or limited availability. This entry focuses on the diagnosis, assessment, conceptualization, and treatment of insomnia disorder.

Diagnosis and Assessment

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, is the classification system most often used by mental health practitioners. A diagnosis of insomnia disorder is made when there is a subjective complaint of ...

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