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Hypertension: Psychological and Behavioral Factors

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a primary cause of cardiovascular disease, stroke, and other peripheral vascular disorders, contributing to the global burden of disease and mortality. Although hypertension runs in families and genetic elements are involved in its etiology, these factors do not entirely predict its onset. Consequently, it is important to examine other lifestyle factors that contribute to its etiology, including those of a psychological or behavioral origin. There is evidence that several behavioral factors contribute to the onset of hypertension and influence how blood pressure problems are measured and diagnosed as well as how it is treated.

Measurement of Blood Pressure and Diagnosis of Hypertension

Blood pressure is typically measured by temporarily occluding blood flow to the arm with a blood pressure cuff ...

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