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Cyclothymic Disorder

Cyclothymic disorder is a chronic mood disorder characterized by recurrent swings between short, distinct periods of depression and hypomania over a period of 2 or more years. These periods of depressed and hypomanic mood may be as short as 2 days and may be temporally contiguous or may be interspersed with periods of euthymic (normal) mood. Periods of depressed mood mimic the symptoms of major depression, with symptoms including depressed mood, anhedonia, and sleep and appetite disruption, whereas hypomanic periods are associated with symptoms including euphoria, irritability, high energy, and impulsivity. Notably, although depressive and hypomanic periods within cyclothymic disorder share symptoms with major depression and mania, the cyclothymic mood periods are shorter (2–3 days on average) and are characterized by fewer and less severe ...

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