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Cultural Competence

Cultural competence in psychotherapy has been broadly defined as having the knowledge of a particular culture and the corresponding skills essential to an effective delivery of interventions to members of that culture. A culturally competent therapist may possess three sets of characteristics. The first is cultural awareness, which refers to the therapist’s awareness of his or her client’s and his or her own culture, values, and biases and the way these can influence his or her perception of the client’s presenting problem and the therapeutic relationship. The second is cultural knowledge, which refers to the therapist’s acquired knowledge of the science on individual and cultural differences, and the values, worldviews, and expectations of the therapeutic relationship associated with a specific culture. The third pertains ...

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