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Coping and Chronic Illness

Coping is defined as cognitive and/or behavioral efforts to meet the demands of a stressful situation, and stress occurs when one perceives a situation as taxing or exceeding one’s resources for addressing the situation. Chronic illnesses, defined as long-lasting conditions that cannot be prevented by vaccines or cured via medication (e.g., HIV [human immunodeficiency virus], type 2 diabetes, obesity), have the potential to be stressful in myriad ways, and the way in which one copes with the stressors experienced over the course of the illness has demonstrated implications for health and well-being. The prevalence of chronic illness has been on the rise due to the increased longevity of those with chronic illnesses, as well as a rapidly aging population. It has, therefore, never been more ...

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