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Cognitive Behavioral Theoretical Framework

Cognitive behavioral therapies (CBTs) encompass a variety of psychological treatments that highlight the role of cognition and behavior in human dysfunction and, therefore, emphasize change in these factors to achieve recovery. Although there are several variations in the CBTs, the various models share three fundamental propositions. The first proposition posits that individuals are able to monitor their cognitive activity (e.g., thoughts). Second, it is proposed that cognitions mediate the emotional and behavioral outcomes that individuals have in various situations. Third, CBTs are based on the supposition that it is possible to purposely alter cognitive activity in order to change the way one responds to the environment. This entry focuses primarily on the development of cognitive behavioral theory, which gave rise to these core elements, ...

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