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Special Education, Philosophy and Models of

  • By: S.J. Wright
  • In: The SAGE Deaf Studies Encyclopedia
  • Edited by: Genie Gertz & Patrick Boudreault
  • Subject:Physical Disabilities, Otorhinolaryngology (Ears, Nose, & Throat)

The education of deaf students has historically been a divisive topic, one that is still hotly contested in this day and age. Special education, in particular, is an often misunderstood term as it applies to deaf students. In the most general sense, Special Education is a very broad term having many components, laws, and regulations which fall under the umbrella of the definition of special education. Special education is defined as a program tailored specifically to a student with a legitimate disability who cannot be adequately served within the realm and rigor of the traditional classroom. A foundational piece of legislation passed in 1975, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA, formerly Education for all Handicapped Children Act), is chiefly responsible for providing the framework in ...

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