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Neurolinguistics and Cortex Imaging

  • By: Daniel Koo, Lawrence H. Pick & Karen Garrido-Nag
  • In: The SAGE Deaf Studies Encyclopedia
  • Edited by: Genie Gertz & Patrick Boudreault
  • Subject:Physical Disabilities, Otorhinolaryngology (Ears, Nose, & Throat)

Neurolinguistics is a multidisciplinary field of study that examines how language is organized in the human brain. Typical language is based on the interaction among sensory components of the external world, symbolic associations, acquired syntax, working and long-term memory, and oral-motor skills. Most right-handed people have the core of their language system located in the left hemisphere of their brain. This also is the case for most left-handed people. A somewhat larger portion of the latter group, however, has these language functions represented in both hemispheres of the brain, and a very small percentage of these people appear to have representation solely in the right hemisphere. For most people, irrespective of the language they speak, the right hemisphere is involved in processing aspects of language ...

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