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Department of Education, U.S.

  • By: Elizabeth Rholetter Purdy
  • In: The SAGE Deaf Studies Encyclopedia
  • Edited by: Genie Gertz & Patrick Boudreault
  • Subject:Physical Disabilities, Otorhinolaryngology (Ears, Nose, & Throat)

The federal government has been involved in enhancing educational opportunities for deaf children since 1965 when Congress created the National Technical Institute for the Deaf (NTID). Further educational enhancements were instituted with passage of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) of 1975, and the Education of Deaf Act of 1986. These and subsequent laws concerning education for the Deaf have ensured that young members of the Deaf community have access to a free, appropriate public education in the least possible restrictive environment. Located within the United States Department of Education, the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) is charged with improving the educational experience for infants, toddlers, children, and youth with special needs. This charge is carried out by providing ...

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