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Demographics

  • By: Ross E. Mitchell
  • In: The SAGE Deaf Studies Encyclopedia
  • Edited by: Genie Gertz & Patrick Boudreault
  • Subject:Physical Disabilities, Otorhinolaryngology (Ears, Nose, & Throat)
Social Patterns: Demographics

Demography is the scientific study of human population dynamics—influences on population size, growth, decline, or stability. Population members are either born or migrate into it and leave by either dying or migrating out of it. For Deaf Studies, the distinctions between big “D” vs. little “d” designations for who is d/Deaf are added to such considerations as geopolitical boundaries, birth cohorts, fertility, marriage, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and gender as differences affecting population dynamics. Three perspectives influence demographic descriptions of d/Deaf populations. They are known as the medical, social, and cultural perspectives.

Medical

The medical perspective focuses on how well people perceive sound. Often, this is understood in terms of hearing trouble, which describes the degree to which people are able to hear easily what they ...

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